Four Barriers That Impact 2e Students

What is our role as ambassadors of twice-exceptionality for our 2e children? 

As a SENG board member, researcher, teacher, and parent of a 2e child, I am more than an advocate in the medical and educational arenas. The knowledge I hold about cognitive neurodiversity, asynchrony, and twice-exceptionality can help break down barriers for 2e children everywhere.

Parents and teachers of twice-exceptional students understand that asynchronous development is the rule, not the exception. Erikson’s 1968 theory of psychosocial development identified the stages of development through the lifespan. But how do 2e learners move through these stages? 

There is no baseline for how gifted students may or may not meet those stages, and without thi...


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About Karen Arnstein

Dr. Karen Arnstein is a consultant, speaker, and author dedicated to helping teachers and school districts understand how to identify and serve twice-exceptional learners. She is the co-founder and director of technology at Sierra Gifted Educational Services, a non-profit dedicated to bringing enrichment opportunities and resources to gifted and twice-exceptional students. She also is a member of the Board of Directors for SENG (Supporting the Emotional Needs of the Gifted). Dr. Arnstein teaches graduate courses in education to pre-service teachers at the University of Redlands. She and her family reside in Southern California and are discovering new challenges parenting a twice-exceptional teenager.